The World Heritage Convention


The 1972 Convention concerning the protection of the worlds cultural and natural heritage is one of the most esteemed and well-known agreements made by UNESCO. The aims of the Convention include ensuring the protection of humanity's cultural and natural heritage.

World heritage sites

Being accepted as a Cultural Heritage site requires that the site is a masterpiece of human creativity or otherwise bears exceptionally significant evidence of an existing or extint culture. The site can be a building representing a significant historical period or it can represent typical dwellings of a certain culture. It may also have to do with events, living traditions, religions and beliefs or artistic or literary works. Cultural landscapes are cultural environments that have been shaped by the long-time interaction between man and nature.

Natural Heritage sites may speak of an important development stage in the history of the earth, or may be an example of an on-going ecological or biological change. It can also be a haven of endangered species or represent exceptionally beautiful scenery.

The World Heritage List includes at the moment 962 properties. These include 745 cultural, 188 natural and 29 mixed properties in 157 State Parties. At the moment the World Heritage List contains six Finnish Cultural World Heritage sites and one Natural World Heritage site.

Links:

Read more about World Heritage in Unesco World Heritage website

Read more about Finnish World Heritage sites in the website of National Board of Antiquities